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El magistrado de la Sala de lo Constitucional de la Corte Suprema de Justicia, Sidney Blanco, criticó esta tarde que la Asamblea Legislativa no ha comenzado a cumplir las obligaciones emanadas tras la inconstitucional de la Ley de Amnistía General para la Consolidación de la Paz, aprobada en 1993 luego de la publicación del informe de la Comisión de la Verdad.

Esta ley salió del ordenamiento jurídico salvadoreño tras la sentencia de la Sala de lo Constitucionalidad emitida el pasado 13 de julio. Ese mismo día también fue declarado inconstitucional el nombramiento de los diputados suplentes de la Asamblea Legislativa por falta de voto directo.

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“La finalización de esto (la inconstitucionalidad) involucra a varios sectores. En primer lugar, a las mismas instituciones. A la Asamblea Legislativa que es el órgano político, debería, y se espera, que en virtud de la sentencia realice actos concretos o vinculados al cumplimiento de esta sentencia”, cuestionó.

La sentencia de inconstitucionalidad ordenó a la Asamblea Legislativa cumplir con cuatro obligaciones legales: regular medios para obtener información sobre los hechos, buscar los recursos para reparar los perjuicios a las víctimas y los daños materiales, adoptar “un proceso de justicia transicional restaurativa” y la búsqueda de la reparación integral de las víctimas.
La sentencia no da un plazo a la Asamblea Legislativa para que cumpla, pero Blanco informó que realizarán una “audiencia de seguimiento” para conocer los avances legislativos en la materia.

El magistrado constitucionalista participó en un conversatorio junto a la exfiscal de Guatemala, Claudia Paz en la Universidad Centroamericana “José Simeón Cañas” (UCA) sobre la reparación de las víctimas y el acceso a la justicia.

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