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China y Taiwán han sorprendido al mundo con el anuncio de la primera reunión entre sus presidentes, una cita de alcance histórico que ambos gobiernos presentan como un intento de impulsar la relación bilateral pero genera desconfianza en buena parte de la población taiwanesa.

El histórico encuentro entre el jefe del Estado chino, Xi Jinping, y el taiwanés Ma Ying-jeou, que tendrá lugar el sábado en Singapur, puede comenzar a cerrar uno de los últimos rescoldos de la Guerra Fría, aunque la cercanía de los comicios taiwaneses de enero ha generado críticas entre quienes ven en ello motivos electoralistas.

Será la primera reunión a nivel presidencial desde que en 1949 los nacionalistas del partido Kuomintang (KMT) liderados por Chiang Kai-Chek se refugiaron en Taiwán tras ser derrotados por los comunistas de Mao Zedong en la guerra civil china.

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Desde entonces, las relaciones entre ambas partes han estado llenas de incidentes violentos (hasta bien entrados los años 50), desafíos y advertencias militares, con un deshielo muy tímido que no se consagró hasta 1992.

El anunció, que ya advirtió de que en la reunión no se cerrarán acuerdos ni se emitirán declaraciones conjuntas, sorprendió no solo por su contenido sino porque llegó con nocturnidad, dos minutos antes de la medianoche hora local (16:00 GMT del martes) a través de una declaración de la Oficina Presidencial de Taiwán a la agencia local, y no fue confirmado por Pekín hasta casi siete horas después.

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