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El alto índice de violencia e inseguridad significó una pérdida para El Salvador superior a los $4,000 millones en 2014, un monto equivalente al total del presupuesto general de la nación, reveló un estudio sobre el costo económico de esta problemática en el país, presentado por la Red de Investigadores del Banco Central de Reserva (REDIBACEN).

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Óscar Cabrera, presidente del BCR, indicó que el impacto de la violencia en las decisiones de inversión y crecimiento económico se reflejan en un crecimiento más elevado al largo plazo.

En 2006, el costo de violencia era del 10.8% y para el 2013 se elevó a 14.5% del Producto Interno Bruto (PIB), comparó  Margarita Peñate, de REDIBACEN, quien enfatizó que el enfoque de dicho estudio ha sido valorado más sobre las consecuencias económicas de esta problemática.

Peñate detalló que el costo médico hospitalario generado por la violencia en 2014 se valora en $19.5 millones.  De ésta pérdida, $1 millón es por homicidios, $15.8 millones por lesiones y $2.7 millones por violaciones.

La violencia también ha generado un gasto de $704.5 millones por daños emocionales y psicológicos.

Durante el 2014, REDIBACEN reveló que el gasto institucional por violencia fue de $584.4 millones, a esto se le suma el costo preventivo en los hogares salvadoreños valorado en $14 millones y $157 millones en las empresas.

El estudio apuntó que por robos y extorsiones, el gasto superó los $1,300 millones tanto en hogares como empresas. El costo en el sector productivo conllevó una pérdida de $1,170 millones y $28 millones en inversión.

Según el equipo investigador, las actividades económicas que presentan un mayor costo por inseguridad son comercio, servicios, industria manufacturera y maquila.

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