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FOTO: Cortesía RT en Español / Diario El Mundo

FOTO: Cortesía RT en Español / Diario El Mundo

Un estudio realizado y difundido por la organización Jubilee Debt Campaig dio a conocer este jueves que El Salvador forma parte de una lista de 22 países que tienen ahora una crisis de deuda externa y que destina grandes partidas presupuestarias al pago de ésta.

La organización tomó como punto de partida la clasificación del nivel de deuda de estos países a dos factores: aquellos que su deuda neta supera el 30% del Producto Interno Bruto (PIB) y que se destine más del 15% de los ingresos internos para pagar la deuda.

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Lo anterior significa que grandes cantidades de dinero salen anualmente de estos 22 países y que, además, poseen una deuda neta con el resto del mundo.

Por regiones, en esta lista se encuentran nueve países de Europa: Croacia, Chipre, Grecia, Irlanda, Macedonia, Montenegro, Portugal, España y Ucrania. Siete de Centroamérica y el Caribe: Belice, Costa Rica, República Dominicana, El Salvador, Jamaica y San Vicente y las Granadinas; y el Norte de África y Oriente Próximo (Líbano y Túnez).

En el listado también figura Gambia de África occidental, país que cumple con los requisitos para ser incluido en los 22, pese a que el alivio de la deuda que se realizó bajo la iniciativa para los Países Pobres Muy Endeudados de 2007. Aquí incluyen también Sri Lanka, las Islas Marshall, Granada y Armenia.

Del mismo estudio, El Salvador, se libra de aparecer del ranking de los 50 países con la mayor deuda externa del mundo, que puntea Estados Unidos con un total de 18.540.448.667.000 dólares estadounidenses, lo que significa una deuda externa del 106% del PIB.

FOTO: Cortesía RT en Español / Diario El Mundo

FOTO: Cortesía RT en Español / Diario El Mundo

FOTO: Cortesía RT en Español / Diario El Mundo

FOTO: Cortesía RT en Español / Diario El Mundo

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Recuerde que este es un medio que está para generar opinión constructiva.

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