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evaluacion-fiscal

Fotografía: Diario El Mundo

 

La evasión de los impuestos al Valor Agregado (IVA) y sobre la Renta (ISR) ronda en El Salvador los $2,000 millones, reveló hoy la Iniciativa Social para la Democracia (ISD).

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La ISD, con el apoyo de la alemana Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES, en español) y Christian Aid, presentó esta mañana el “Informe de análisis sobre la evasión y elusión fiscal en El Salvador”.

El reporte recolecta resultados recientes de estudios realizados por otras organizaciones, y revela que la evasión fiscal alcanza $2,005.09 millones al año. De estos, $1,069.58 millones corresponden a la evasión de IVA, y otros $935.51 millones a la del ISR.

En el caso del ISR, se estima que las personas jurídicas reportan el mayor nivel de evasión, pues habrían dejado de pagar $793.2 millones. En el caso de las personas naturales, se estima que la evasión ascendió a $142.31 millones.

Respecto a la elusión, el informe del ISD, citando estudios pasados, señala que ascendió a $490 millones en 2013, y en 2015 se estimó en $1,200 millones.

Si se sumaran los datos de 2013 y 2015, afirmó Ismael Turcios, de la ISD, la elusión fiscal representaría la mitad de los ingresos que el Estado recibe en un año.

La elusión fiscal ocurre cuando el contribuyente se vale de las leyes para no pagar impuestos, y por ello “está intrínsecamente relacionada al otorgamiento de incentivos fiscales”, afirma el estudio del ISD.

Como parte del informe, la ISD recomienda revisar una serie de leyes, entre ellas el Código Tributario y el Penal, y eliminar limitantes para castigar la evasión.

También sugiere revisar los incentivos fiscales, pues El Salvador debe definir “qué elusión fiscal estamos dispuestos a tolerar”, añadió Turcios.

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