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La Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (FAO) instó a los gobiernos centroamericanos a tomar medidas que minimicen los efectos negativos que la sequía está teniendo sobre la seguridad alimentaria de esos países, informó hoy el organismo.

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“Es indispensable que los países y la comunidad internacional prioricen recursos para hacer frente a las consecuencias que la irregularidad y la insuficiencia de precipitaciones generan en los países centroamericanos”, afirmó a Acan-Efe el coordinador de la Oficina Subregional de la FAO para Mesoamérica, Ignacio Rivera.

La sequía, provocada por el fenómeno El Niño, es especialmente acuciante en una zona que se conoce como el Corredor Seco Centroamericano, un enorme territorio que abarca las costas pacíficas de Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica y Panamá, añadió Rivera.

La falta de lluvias, según explicó el coordinador de la FAO, está provocando un “deterioro continuo de las condiciones de vida” del millón de familias que viven en esa zona y que se dedican principalmente a la agricultura de subsistencia.

“Los niveles de pobreza y desnutrición de la población, junto con las amenazas climáticas recurrentes, hacen que el Corredor Seco sea una de las áreas del mundo con mayor riesgo de inseguridad alimentaria”, dijo Rivera en una conversación telefónica con Acan-Efe.

La escasez y la subida de precios derivados de la sequía agravan la pobreza de una región que ya de por sí tiene unos índices de subalimentación cercanos al 15 %. En el resto de América Latina, sin embargo, el promedio es del 7,9 %.

“Es altamente preocupante que la mayoría de las familias, en condición de pobreza e inseguridad alimentaria, deban absorber estos impactos con sus escasos recursos y medios de vida poco diversificados”, advirtió el director regional del organismo.

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