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Si por acuerdo de los tres poderes del Estado se declara régimen de excepción como lo ha propuesto el Gobierno de El Salvador (GOES) para algunas zonas de alta criminalidad, la Constitución de la República establece en su artículo 29 cuales son las garantías que se suspenderían durante este período.

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Es decir, que las garantías constitucionales que podrían suspenderse son:

Derecho a libertad de entrar, permanecer y salir del territorio (artículo 5).

Libertad de expresión y difusión libre (artículo 6 inciso 1).

Derecho a asociación libre y reunión pacífica sin armas (artículo 7 inciso 1).

Prohibición de la interferencia y la intervención de las telecomunicaciones (artículo 24).

Derecho a la presunción de inocencia mientras no se pruebe culpabilidad (artículo 12).

Prohibición a órgano gubernamental, autoridad o funcionario para dictar órdenes de detención o prisión, la detención no excede de 72 horas (artículo 13).

La suspensión de estas garantías constitucionales no excederá los 30 días, según establece el artículo 30 de la Constitución de la República. Sin embargo, el régimen excepcional puede prolongarse por el mismo tiempo mediante un nuevo decreto, solo si continúan las mismas circunstancias que la motivaron.

Si ni la Asamblea Legislativa ni el Consejo de Ministros emite un nuevo decreto para continuar con el régimen de excepción, las garantías volverán a restablecerse.

La declaración de un régimen de excepción puede ser por decreto del Órgano Ejecutivo o Legislativo.

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