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Sólo el 10% de la población más rica en América Latina posee el 71% de la riqueza, que de continuar con esta secuencia, dentro de seis años se reducirá a un 1%, revela el informe de “Tributación para un crecimiento inclusivo”.

El informe realizado por la confederación internacional Oxfam y la Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (Cepal), apunta que en América Latina la evasión de impuestos de renta persona, corporativa y del Impuesto al Valor Agregado (IVA) cuestan más de $320,000 millones al año, destacó Juan Alberto Fuentes Knight, Presidente de Oxfam Internacional.

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En el caso de El Salvador, el 10% más rico de la población paga una tasa efectiva de renta personal del 5%, a pesar que la tasa legal es de 30%. En consecuencia, el informe plantea que se debe aumentar la recaudación tributaria a porcentajes del 20% del Producto Interno Bruto (PIB), actualmente es del 15.8%, una de las más baja en el cono sur.

Oxfam estimó que para lograr un Objetivo de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS), se necesita una recaudación tributaria como mínimo del 20% del PIB. Además, señaló que en el marco de un acuerdo fiscal, en El Salvador es necesario que se contemple un sistema tributario inclusivo.

“Se recauda poco y se recauda mal, porque la mayor parte de recaudación recae sobre el consumo y sobre las clases más bajas”, indicó Susana Ruíz de Oxfam.

El mismo informe revela que la inversión salvadoreña hacia paraísos fiscales se multiplicó por 18 en los últimos 15 años.

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