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Diario El Mundo Home

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Ocho países, entre ellos El Salvador, han superado la segunda fase de examen del Foro Global sobre la Transparencia para evaluar el grado de efectividad de los mecanismos para el intercambio de información y la lucha contra la evasión fiscal.

Los otros siete países, que como El Salvador se considera que cumplen “ampliamente” los requerimientos en la aplicación de los estándares del Foro Global, son Arabia Saudí, Botsuana, Georgia, Kenia, Mauritania, Nigeria y Niue, explicó hoy la Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo Económico (OCDE).

Eso significa que hasta ahora hay 94 jurisdicciones, de las que han sido objeto de análisis, que respetan esos estándares para el intercambio de información en caso de que una administración fiscal extranjera se lo demande.

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En el caso de El Salvador, los autores del informe señalaron que tiene “un marco regulador y legal sólido, que garantizan que se pueden verificar las informaciones bancarias o sobre la propiedad de las entidades de dimensión relevantes”.

No obstante, puntualizaron que el Estado centroamericano tendría que asegurar que la información sobre las acciones al portador sea accesible “en todos los casos”.

El Salvador ha establecido acuerdos de intercambio con 90 países o jurisdicciones, incluidos sus principales socios.

Por otro lado, el Foro Global sobre la Transparencia publicó dos nuevos informes, sobre Túnez y Croacia, relativos al control de lo que se conoce como la “fase 1”, es decir, el simple ajuste con los estándares internacionales del intercambio de información.

Tanto Túnez como Croacia aprobaron un examen que en el pasado han suspendido Guatemala, Kazajistán, Líbano, Liberia, Micronesia, Nauru, Trinidad y Tobago y Vanuatu.

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Recuerde que este es un medio que está para generar opinión constructiva.

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