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La crisis de violencia que afrenta El Salvador afectó el crecimiento económico del país en unos $4,000 millones del Producto Interno Bruto (PIB), solo en 2014, informó este jueves el presidente del Banco Central de Reserva (BCR), Óscar Cabrera, quien añadió que el peso de esta problemática antes era de 11% y actualmente representa el 16% del PIB.

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Cabrera dijo lo anterior en la presentación del balance del crecimiento económico del país durante el 2015, el cual llegó a un porcentaje de 2.5% gracias a varias condiciones tanto nacionales, como la inversión privada, e internacionales, como ejemplo las remesas enviadas desde Estados Unidos.

El ente económico destacó que la inversión privada en el país creció en 8%, siendo la Inversión Extranjera Directa (IED) la que ha acumulado en los últimos cuatro años un monto superior a los $1,000 millones.

El principal rubro que se ha favorecido con el crecimiento de la IED es la industria y maquila en un 46.4%, seguido de financiero y seguro con 21.5%, comercio 11.9%, comunicaciones 10.8%, más los otros sectores productivos del país.

Cabrera indicó que el ingreso nacional en 2015 aumentó en 3.1%, paralelo a la expansión del consumo que representa el 93% del PIB.

Entre las proyecciones económicas del BCR para este 2016, la institución espera que el precio del barril de petróleo llegue a los $37, mientras que el café salvadoreño tenga un valor de $195.8 por quintal.

 

 

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